News: Dolphins Fly to New Caledonia
Story by Master Sgt. Cohen Young
Active-duty and Reserve C-17 crews assisted with transporting dolphins from the U. S. Navy Marine Mammals program, San Diego, Calif., to Noumea, New Caledonia, Nov. 8 for Lagoon MINEX 2009.
Lagoon MINEX 2009 is a humanitarian project in which U.S. Forces, along with French, Australian and New Zealand military, work together Nov. 9 - 20 to locate and dispose of more than 200 contact mines that were leftover from World War II.
The dolphins are integral to the exercise; with their biological sonar capabilities, they are used for underwater surveillance and mine detection, location, marking and recovery.
The organizers of the exercise couldn't afford to transport the animals to New Caledonia.
Assistance arrived with the cooperation of a C-17 crew from the 535th Airlift Squadron here and a U.S. Air Force Reserve C-17 crew from the 452nd Air Mobility Wing, March Air Reserve Base, Calif. Through current projects and training missions, a plan was put into action to get the dolphins moved.
"The constraints were money," said Rockaway, N.J., native Capt. Andrew J. Stewart, a pilot with the 15th Operations Squadron, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii. "When I spoke to Robert Olds from the Navy Marine Mammal Program and he told me what they were trying to do, I thought it was a worthwhile cause. These mines were beginning to affect New Caledonia's two main sources of industry."
The Reserve crew took the first leg of the trip and passed the next leg onto the Hickam based Active Duty crew so that one squadron wouldn't have to absorb the costs involved.
According to statistics nickel mining and the fishing industry are the two main sources of commerce in New Caledonia.
Twelve minefields were constructed by the Australians during World War II to prevent enemy (Japanese) access to the New Caledonia ports where American troops were deployed. In 1944, the U.S. began a mine sweeping operation of the surfaced mines. More than sixty years later, the U.S., New Zealand, Australia and France have gathered in a joint effort to help a community by eliminating the remaining mines.
The nine-person crew from Hickam AFB was happy to do their part in this worthwhile exercise.
"The impact is huge," said Stewart. "We were able to work with many multinational agencies and watch it unfold to make an environment safer. We used the 'Total Force' concept to help get these four mammals to New Caledonia so they can do their job."
"It's good to see all these agencies coming together," said Brisbane, Australia, native Flight Lieutenant Samuel L. Gadsby, an exchange officer from the Royal Australian Air Force who is currently assigned to the 535th AS. "This was a complex task to work with all of the different agencies; we had a French liaison officer help us with some of the communication involved."
The 446th AMS from McChord AFB, Wash., will take the mammals back to San Diego at the end of the exercise.
Dolphins are not the typical cargo for a C-17 Globemaster III, which can carry a small helicopter, two mine resistant armor protection vehicles or a few hundred troops.
"You have to remain dynamic and flexible and an operation like this provided that opportunity," said Steward. "We went to a non-standard airfield where procedures were different than ours and we did it with an unordinary cargo.
"We're not used to downloading cargo with minimal equipment," said Worchester, Mass., native, Tech Sgt. Kevin Collette, a loadmaster with the 535th AS. "This tested our expertise as loadmasters when we uploaded and downloaded the dolphins. We had to maintain a certain cabin pressure for the mammals which was different from our usual setting because we wanted to make sure they were comfortable. The dolphins were well behaved and the best passengers that we've ever had."