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    NY Army Guard leaders use New York City as urban operations training lab

    Dense Urban Leaders Operation Course (DULOC)

    Photo By Spc. Marla Ogden | New York Army National Guard senior officers and noncommissioned officers are briefed...... read more read more



    Story by Eric Durr and Spc. Marla Ogden

    New York National Guard

    NEW YORK -- Eighteen New York Army National Guard officers and senior sergeants used New York City as a laboratory to explore the challenges of military operations in massive cities during a weeklong class which ended on Saturday, November 6.

    The officers and senior noncommissioned officers walked through the city’s neighborhoods, flew over them and toured the waterfront to gain an appreciation of the complexity of urban warfare. They also learned from New York City officials who deal with those urban challenges every day.

    “This class was critical in terms of bridging a knowledge gap between military operations and working with our civilian counterparts,” said Lt. Col. Jason Secrest, commander of the 2nd Squadron, 101st Calvary Regiment.

    “The course was helpful for whether we’re involved in large scale combat operations or if tasked with stability operations, like humanitarian assistance disaster relief at home,” Secrest added.

    The New York National Guard is hoping to create a two-week Dense Urban Leaders Operation Course—DULOC for short—which would draw officers and NCOs from across the Army to New York City to get a first-hand look at the challenges of combat operations surrounded by high-rise buildings, tight city streets, and surrounded by hundreds of thousands of civilians.

    “Here, in New York City, we were able to learn from our civilian counterparts about how these mega cities and trends of urbanization affect operations, planning and troop movement,” said Lt. Col. Matthias Greene, commander of the 3rd Battalion, 142nd Assault Helicopter Battalion.

    Some things that Greene said he had to consider during the course were the complexities of the airspace, dense buildings, and population bases, all of which affect aviation operations for him and his Soldiers.

    Lt. Col. Brian Higgins, the class leader and a New York City Police Department detective, spent two and a half years on active duty as the officer-in-charge of the Dense Urban Terrain Detachment of the Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group at Fort Meade, Maryland.

    His job there, Higgins said, was to take the expertise he’d honed as a cop in one of the world’s densest cities—New York City’s population is 8.2 million and the New York City metro area population is 20.3 million— and help the Army figure out how to fight in those places.

    “The problem has to do with globalization trends,” Higgins explained. “The world is becoming more populated. The majority of people are living in cities for a variety of reasons.”

    These cities include very tall buildings, a subterranean geography of subways and service tunnels, and are incredibly interconnected, Higgins said.

    The Army’s traditional approach to cities in the past was to bypass them, isolate them, and avoid getting bogged down in a punishing fight, Higgins said. That may have worked when cities were smaller and more compact, he added.

    But with the rise of the mega-city —those with populations of more than 10 million— it doesn’t work anymore. The city is too big to go around.
    There’s nothing new about Soldiers using New York as a training laboratory, Higgins said. Military teams continually visit to learn about cities.

    Task Force 46, a National Guard team designed to react to chemical, nuclear, and biological attacks, trained there in August, and the New York National Guard trains with the police and fire department regularly, focusing on civil support operations.

    Lt. Col. Dan Colomb, commander of the 24th Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team (CST), based out of Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn, said he volunteered to participate in the five-day course alongside both his Deputy Commander and Operations Officer, to offer their expertise in urban operations but to also take new concepts back to their team.

    “Every day we work in New York City and the metro area,” said Colomb. “We’re those sensors that are out in the environment and these streets every day, so, I’d like to take some of these methodologies, apply them and see if they work better,” he said.

    The five-day course focused on getting Soldiers in command and key staff positions, who all have different specialties, to understand how a big city works and how that can affect military operations.

    The Soldiers walked through downtown Manhattan, where the streets are narrow and irregular, explored Harlem, where the streets are in a grid, and visited the world-famous subway system.

    Secrest said the course was the first time in his 22 years of service in the National Guard that he’s been part of a military course tailored to urban operations.

    “We talk about liaison operations with other state and city agencies, but this is the first time we’ve sat down and say ‘Okay, how do we operate in an urban environment?’,” Secrest said.

    Instructors included experts from the Modern War Institute at the United States Military Academy and the National Center of Urban Operations, a think-tank which focuses on military operations in megacities. New York City fire officials, transit staff, and emergency managers also took part.

    Greene noted that the collaboration of the course with civilian counterparts as well as having the opportunity to walk the terrain were critical.

    “There’s practical knowledge by going onto the grounds, having subject matter experts, and collaborating with classmates who offer perspectives in their areas of expertise as well,” Greene said.
    “Learning from the perspective of our civilian counterparts is important because we’re able gauge what they have to offer, what their limitations are, and how we can integrate ourselves into the solution,” he added.

    Every morning the class heard from the subject matter experts on military doctrine, military estimates and the “Five Is” of city fighting—Infrastructure, Interoperability, Information operations, Interagency, Intensity – and in the afternoons they went out and looked around as part of terrain walks.

    The course Higgins and New York National Guard leaders would like to create would be a two-week long course going into urban operations in more detail. But the week-long class was an excellent start, Higgins said.



    Date Taken: 11.08.2021
    Date Posted: 11.08.2021 10:56
    Story ID: 408872
    Location: NEW YORK, NY, US 

    Web Views: 96
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