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    NASA Langley's 16 Foot Transonic Wind Tunnel Cone Fairing

    NASA Langley's 16 Foot Transonic Wind Tunnel Cone Fairing

    WASHINGTON, DC, UNITED STATES

    09.24.2009

    Courtesy Photo

    NASA

    A technician prepares to unlatch the door built into one of the guide vanes of the 16-Foot Transonic Wind Tunnel at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. The tunnel, one of dozens of research facilities at Langley, was built in 1939 and most recently renovated in 1990. Operating transonically or across the speed of sound, the air in the test section travels from about 150 to 1,000 miles per hour. The tunnel is called the "16-Foot" because its test section is approximately 16 feet in diameter. The large cone fairing in the photograph helps to reduce disturbances in air flow around corners. In addition, the guide vanes behind the cone, which form an ellipse, cut across each cylindrical tube at a 45 degree angle. Similar sets of vanes at the three other corners of the wind tunnel turn the air uniformly as it rushes through the 1000-foot race-track-like enclosed tube. If guide vanes were omitted, the air would pile up in dense masses along the outside curves, like water rounding a bend in a fast brook. Wind tunnel tests require a uniform flow of fast, smooth air. The 16-Foot has recently been used to develop new rectangular nozzles for high performance aircraft. The new two-dimensional nozzles will be able to deflect jet exhaust in any direction for increased maneuverability. This "thrust vectoring" may allow future military aircraft to be designed without traditional tail control surfaces or perhaps the entire tail.

    NASA Identifier: L90-4069

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    IMAGE INFO

    Date Taken: 09.24.2009
    Date Posted: 10.17.2012 13:28
    Photo ID: 726779
    Resolution: 1536x1348
    Size: 155.97 KB
    Location: WASHINGTON, DC, US 

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